THURSDAY, Oct. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) — School is in full swing, and with it comes a plethora of colds passed back and forth among kids.
Decongestants should not be given to children younger than 6 because there’s no evidence that they do any good, according to a new review published online Oct. 10 in the BMJ.
These over-the-counter (OTC) medications don’t effectively alleviate symptoms like a stuffy or runny nose, but do carry potentially dangerous side-effects for kids, said senior researcher Dr. An De Sutter. She is head of family medicine and primary health care at Ghent University in Belgium.
The new evidence review lends additional weight to a 2008 warning issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that no cough and cold product should be given to children younger than 2, and they should be used only with caution in older kids.
The American Academy of Pediatrics also recommends against the use of OTC cough and cold remedies for children younger than 4, said Dr. Jeffrey Gerber, medical director of the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
“Generally speaking, at best in adults the risks and benefits are probably around equal. And in kids the risks outweigh the benefits,” Gerber said.
The common cold is usually caused by viruses, and symptoms usually clear in seven to 10 days, the study authors noted in background notes. Children get about six to eight colds a year, compared with two to four colds annually for adults.
Current evidence from clinical trials shows decongestants provide little to no relief for children, the researchers said.
The study authors concluded that decongestants or medicines containing antihistamines should not be given to children under 6, and used with caution in children aged 6 to 12.
The tradeoff simply isn’t worth it, Gerber said, even if the chances of a severe side-effect are minimal.